An Active Protection System (APS) is an advanced technology
designed to protect military vehicles from incoming threats, such as anti-tank
missiles, rocket-propelled grenades, and other projectiles. The system is
designed to detect, track, and engage incoming threats, thereby providing a
critical layer of protection for military personnel and equipment.
The use of Active Protection Systems has become increasingly
common in modern warfare; as traditional armor solutions have become less
effective against modern weapons. The APS technology provides a proactive
approach to defense, allowing for immediate detection and engagement of
incoming threats, rather than relying on the vehicle's passive protection
systems to absorb the impact.
The key components of an Active Protection System include
sensors, a processing unit, and effectors. The sensors detect incoming threats,
the processing unit analyzes the data, and the effectors engage the threat with
a countermeasure, such as a blast or projectile. Some APS also have the ability
to jam or disrupt the guidance systems of incoming missiles, causing them to
miss their target.
One of the main benefits of an Active Protection System is
the ability to significantly reduce the weight and size of the vehicle's armor,
while still providing a high level of protection. This is particularly
important in modern warfare, where maneuverability and speed are critical. By
reducing the weight of the armor, military vehicles can move more quickly and
have a greater range of movement, making them less vulnerable to attack.
The market for Active Protection Systems is growing rapidly,
with increasing demand from military organizations around the world. The United
States, Israel, and Russia are among the countries that have developed and
deployed APS technology on their military vehicles. The systems are also being
developed for use in other applications, such as protecting commercial aircraft
from missile attacks.
In conclusion, Active Protection Systems are a critical
technology for modern military vehicles, providing a proactive approach to
defense against incoming threats. The technology allows for greater
maneuverability and speed, while still providing a high level of protection.
The market for APS is growing rapidly, with increasing demand from military
organizations around the world, and the technology is expected to continue to
evolve and improve in the years to come.
Active protection system Market Dynamics
Drivers in Active
Protection System Market
The Active Protection System (APS) market is driven by the
development of advanced combat systems, particularly in developing economies
like China, India, Brazil, and South Africa. These countries are investing
heavily in upgrading their defense capabilities and augmenting their legacy
surveillance systems. With the increase in their GDP growth, their defense
budgets have also gone up, resulting in significant investments in advanced combat
systems to prepare themselves for potential conflicts.
Recently, the US Army awarded a contract to Unified Business
Technologies (UBT) and Rheinmetall Protection Systems (Germany) for testing the
StrikeShield Active Protection System at the Redstone Test Center in
Huntsville, Alabama in January 2022. In April 2021, Raytheon Corporation (US)
also demonstrated its Quick Kill 2.0 system, which utilizes a vertical launch
countermeasure to defend against incoming threats in the armored vehicle
APS is a next-generation system integrated into or installed
on a combat vehicle, designed to defend against enemies automatically. The
system consists of an integrated radar system, sensors, launchers, and
countermeasure munitions, allowing the system to shoot down missile threats
accurately while minimizing collateral damage. APS offers high-performance
anti-tank protection for armored fighting vehicles (AFVs), primarily battle
tanks, light tanks, armored infantry fighting vehicles, and wheeled armored vehicles.
It can detect, track, intercept, and employ various forms of protection,
activated at a safe distance from the defended vehicle to destroy, disrupt, or
degrade an incoming missile or projectile, reducing or eliminating penetration
capability while reducing the lethal effects and ensuring vehicle survival.
Active protection systems are primarily used in military
vehicles to safeguard them from enemy fire, and they can be installed on
various types of vehicles and systems. These systems include modular
optoelectronic sensor systems, target acquisition systems, digital radar
processors, and thermal imaging devices that offer optimized field surveillance
and combat in all visibility conditions. As cross-border conflicts continue to
rise, many countries are increasing their armored vehicle fleets, which has
directly contributed to the growth of the active protection system industry.
Many armed forces, including the US Army and Israeli defense
forces, have conducted practical analyses of multiple active protection systems
developed by various companies, including Raytheon and Rafael Advanced Defense
Systems of Israel and Artis LLC of the US. As an example, in January 2022,
Rheinmetall AG of Germany was awarded a contract by the Hungarian government to
install StrikeShield hard-kill active protection systems on 209 new Lynx
infantry fighting vehicles. Similarly, in the same month, the US Army awarded a
contract to Unified Business Technologies (UBT) and Rheinmetall Protection
Systems to test the StrikeShield active protection system at the Redstone Test
Center located in Huntsville, Alabama.
Active Protection System (APS) Market Ecosystem
The active protection system market is comprised of various
key stakeholders, including companies that offer platforms and soldier systems.
Other significant influencers in this market are investors, funders, academic
researchers, integrators, service providers, and licensing agencies. The
defense segment currently holds the largest market share in terms of value in
the active protection system market.
The military relies heavily on active protection systems to
provide safety to armored fighting vehicles from enemy fire. These systems can
be installed on various types of military vehicles and other systems, including
tracked or wheeled armored fighting or logistics vehicles, combat helicopters,
and naval warfare ships. They typically consist of modular optoelectronic
sensor systems, target acquisition systems, digital radar processors for target
detection, and thermal imaging devices that provide optimized field
surveillance and combat capabilities, day or night, and under poor visibility
The increase in cross-border conflicts has led to several
countries, such as the United States and Israel, focusing on expanding their
armored vehicle fleets. This, in turn, has driven the growth of the active
protection system industry. Various armed forces have conducted practical
analyses of active protection systems developed by companies like Raytheon
(US), Artis LLC (US), Israel Military Industries (Israel), and Rafael Advanced
Defense Systems (Israel) to equip and install active protection systems on
their armored vehicles.
During the forecast period, the ground segment is expected
to exhibit the highest CAGR growth. Militaries worldwide are focused on
countering improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and technologies such as double
V-hulls, IED jammers, and other protection technologies can be integrated with
active protection systems to provide complete security to the platform. Land
combat platforms are expected to benefit significantly from these systems, as
they can be equipped with various sensors, radars, decoys, chaffs, and weapon
mountings, making them scalable, reliable, and flexible.
Europe led the active protection system market in terms of
value. Major European economies like France, Germany, and the UK are investing
in modernizing and upgrading their military capabilities to prepare for
asymmetric warfare. As a result, the market for active protection systems in
Europe is projected to witness significant growth during the forecast period.
Rheinmetall Defense, Aselsan Inc., SAAB Group, Safran Electronics and Defense,
Airbus Group, Thales Group, and Israel Military Industries are the leading
manufacturers of active protection systems in the region.
One major factor hindering the growth of the active
protection systems market is the high cost of developing radar systems. Radar
systems are crucial components of active protection systems that help to
detect, engage, and track incoming threats. As such, they need to be highly
accurate, durable, energy-efficient, and have a wide detection range.
Significant investments are required at different stages of the value chain of
radar systems, such as research & development, manufacturing, system
integration, and assembly, which can increase the cost of development.
Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact
on the defense industry, disrupting the aerospace & defense supply chain
and causing delays in equipment manufacturing and delivery. Many countries have
prioritized their health budgets, reducing their defense budget and affecting
demand for defense equipment, including active protection systems. The Republic
of Korea Armed Forces, for instance, planned to cut $240 million from their
defense budget during 2019-2020. The decrease in defense spending and slow
production of Active Protection Systems (APS) have hindered the market growth.
However, the defense sector is expected to recover quickly post-pandemic and
drive the growth of the active protection system market, which is an evolving
sector. Key market players have made significant investments in infrastructure
and research & development to maintain a technological leadership position
and develop highly functional and efficient radar systems.
Active Protection System Market
Market players have a significant opportunity to develop
secure networks against cyber-attacks, particularly in the defense industry
where the number of such attacks has increased in recent years. The Center for
Strategic and International Studies reports that there were over 65 cyber-attacks
on various government agencies worldwide between January and June 2022 alone.
These attacks pose a threat to national security as any loss of sensitive data
can have serious implications. Cyber-attacks take many forms, including malware
injection, phishing, social engineering, DDoS, and brute-force attack. They are
becoming more destructive, resulting in significant financial and data losses
for defense forces. Additionally, security departments are frequently targeted
by hackers for information on defense projects and systems. To counter these
threats, market players must offer secure networks that can protect active
There is also a rising demand for advanced combat systems in
military and defense. Several countries have developed autonomous weapon
systems to enhance military capabilities and troops in various conflicts
worldwide. Innovations in sensor technologies, weapon firing systems, and other
auxiliary systems are aimed at improving the accuracy and performance
capabilities of the current generation of Active Protection System (APS).
Furthermore, the emphasis on increasing the autonomy of weapon systems has led
to the development of unmanned weapon technologies that can effectively
neutralize a target without human intervention. For example, Hungary recently
ordered 209 new Lynx infantry fighting vehicles from Rheinmetall AG of Germany,
worth more than $165 million, which will be equipped with strike shield
hard-kill Active Protection System (APS) of Rheinmetall. As a result, the demand
for advanced combat systems is expected to drive the growth of the active
protection system market.
Challenges in Active
Protection System Market
One of the significant challenges facing the integration of
active protection systems is weapon integration. Smart weapon manufacturers in
North America adhere to specific US standards and policies, while several
countries source defense systems from other countries, mainly Russia, France,
and Germany, or use their indigenous ones. Integrating US standard weapons into
these non-US defense systems requires massive alterations and modernization,
which can be difficult and costly. For example, countries such as China, India,
France, Germany, and Angola have different fighter aircraft in their inventory
and will require heavy alterations and upgrades to configure western smart
weapon systems. Upgraded munition control units, precision strike packages, and
related training and simulation of weapons and their incorporated systems can
be difficult to integrate and implement cost-effectively, posing a challenge to
the integration of active protection systems.
The market growth of active protection systems is driven by
the rise of cyber warfare that affects the performance of technologically
advanced defense platforms. The increase in the development cost of radar
systems and research and development activities in the market are also driving
factors. Furthermore, the increase in the development of secure networks
against cyber-attacks and the demand from emerging economies create new
opportunities for active protection system manufacturers during the forecast
Europe dominates the active protection system market due to
increased spending on advanced airborne targeting systems by countries such as
the UK, France, and Russia, and upgrades and procurement of targeting pod-based
aircraft in the region. The Asia-Pacific region is expected to grow
significantly in terms of the active protection system market, primarily due to
the rising cost of radar systems in this region.
Top Key Market in Active Protection System Market
- RHEINMETALL AG
- RAYTHEON TECHNOLOGIES
- SAAB AB
- ASELSAN A.S.
- RAFAEL ADVANCED DEFENSE SYSTEMS LTD.
- ARTIS, LLC
- ISRAEL MILITARY INDUSTRIES
- LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION
- BAE SYSTEMS PLC
- NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORPORATION
- TERMA AS
- LEONARDO S.P.A.
- ELBIT SYSTEMS
- SAFRAN ELECTRONICS & DEFENSE
Recent Developments in Active Protection System Market
In recent years, the Active Protection System (APS) market
has seen significant developments and advancements. These systems are designed
to protect armored vehicles from various threats, including rockets, missiles,
and other projectiles. Here are some recent developments in the APS market:
Integration of AI and Machine Learning: There has been an
increasing trend towards integrating artificial intelligence (AI) and machine
learning (ML) technologies into APS systems. These technologies help to improve
the accuracy and efficiency of the system in detecting and neutralizing
Advancements in Sensors: One of the key components of an APS
system is its sensors, which detect incoming threats and trigger the system to
respond. Recent advancements in sensor technology have led to the development
of more accurate and reliable sensors, which can detect threats from longer
ranges and in more challenging environments.
Integration with Unmanned Systems: The use of unmanned
systems in military operations has been increasing in recent years, and APS
systems are no exception. APS systems can now be integrated with unmanned
vehicles, such as drones, to provide protection to troops on the ground.
Modular and Scalable Systems: Modular and scalable APS
systems are becoming increasingly popular, as they offer flexibility in terms
of configuration and can be easily adapted to different vehicle types and
Cybersecurity: With the increasing threat of cyberattacks on
military systems, there has been a growing focus on cybersecurity in the APS
market. APS systems are being designed to be more secure and resilient to cyber
threats, with features such as encryption and secure communication protocols.
The Active Protection System (APS) market has seen several
recent developments in various countries. In March 2022, Raytheon and Lockheed
Martin jointly manufactured the Patriot air defense system, which is capable of
dealing with a wide range of air threats. In October 2021, Rheinmetall
presented its HX3 Tactical Truck, which has improved driving comfort, mobility,
crew protection, and digital interface architecture. Rheinmetall Defence
Australia also announced plans to build the Lynx infantry fighting vehicle's
test chassis for the US. Additionally, in May 2021, ASELSAN and REHÝS Sector
Presidencies began developing the KAMA active protection system, which results
in low environmental damage and is effective at close range. Lastly, in May
2021, the French defense procurement agency awarded Saab a contract to deliver
its Barracuda multispectral camouflage systems to France. These developments
showcase the ongoing efforts to advance and modernize the APS market worldwide.