Biopesticides: The Natural Solution for Safer Agriculture
Pest control has been an ongoing challenge for farmers and
agriculture professionals for centuries. The conventional method of using
synthetic pesticides has helped to manage crop damage caused by pests, but has
raised concerns over their safety and environmental impact. The need for a
safer and sustainable alternative led to the development of biopesticides,
which have been gaining popularity among farmers and agricultural experts in
Biopesticides are derived from natural sources, such as
bacteria, fungi, viruses, and plant extracts, and are used to control pests and
diseases in crops. Unlike chemical pesticides, biopesticides pose minimal risk
to human health and the environment. They are effective, economical, and leave
no harmful residues on crops, making them a safe and sustainable solution for
One of the main advantages of biopesticides is their ability
to target specific pests, leaving beneficial insects unharmed. For example,
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a bacteria commonly used in biopesticides, which
produces proteins toxic to certain pests such as caterpillars and mosquitoes,
while being harmless to other insects, animals, and humans.
Biopesticides have also shown promise in managing pesticide
resistance in pests, which is a growing concern in the agricultural industry.
The overuse of synthetic pesticides has resulted in pests developing resistance
to these chemicals, making them less effective in managing crop damage.
Biopesticides, on the other hand, have a unique mode of action, which reduces
the likelihood of pest resistance.
In addition to their effectiveness and safety, biopesticides
are also environmentally sustainable. Chemical pesticides have been known to
contaminate soil, water, and air, causing harm to wildlife and ecosystems.
Biopesticides, on the other hand, are biodegradable and have minimal
environmental impact, making them a more sustainable alternative for
The global market for biopesticides is rapidly expanding,
with an increasing number of farmers and agricultural professionals recognizing
their benefits over traditional chemical pesticides. According to market
research, the biopesticides market is expected to grow at a steady rate over
the next few years, driven by factors such as increasing demand for organic
food products, rising awareness of environmental concerns, and the development
of innovative biopesticide formulations.
In conclusion, biopesticides are a natural, safe, and
sustainable solution for pest control in agriculture. They offer numerous
advantages over traditional chemical pesticides, including targeted pest
control, reduced pesticide resistance, and minimal environmental impact. With
the growing demand for safer and more sustainable agricultural practices,
biopesticides are set to become an essential tool for farmers and agriculture
professionals in the years to come.
Market Dynamics of Biopesticides Market
The development of synthetic crop protection products
requires extensive research and development activities along with strict
regulatory approvals which make them expensive to produce. As compared to
biopesticides, synthetic products have a longer development process and are
relatively more expensive. This cost-effectiveness of biopesticides has
attracted smaller companies/startups to venture into this market, leading to
intense competition for major players in the biopesticides market.
Additionally, with the focus on sustainable solutions, major companies are
shifting towards alternatives, leading to a projected increase in demand for
biopesticides during the study period.
Biological products have limitations in their use due to
their short or limited shelf life and a high probability of contamination. The
survival of microorganisms during storage is a major concern, and exposure to
sunlight, culture mediums, physiological state of microorganisms when
harvested, temperature maintenance during storage, and water activity of
inoculants are some of the problematic parameters that affect their shelf life.
Furthermore, the efficiency of biological products is sometimes hindered by the
bioavailability of the active ingredient in the host. The major technological
constraints with the use of biological products include the use of improper and
inefficient strains for production, lack of experienced and skilled technical
personnel, unavailability of high-quality carrier materials, or the use of
different carrier materials by producers without ascertaining their quality,
leading to a short shelf life due to the influence of various abiotic and
biotic stress factors.
The market for biopesticides is experiencing growth due to
the rising awareness of the negative impacts of chemical pesticides. Key
players in the crop protection industry, such as Bayer AG, are advancing
microbial and RNAi technology, providing farmers with better alternatives for
applying biological products. Research conducted by these industry leaders has
led to the use of biological signals to trigger RNAi-specific genes,
contributing to disease and pest resistance, increased yield and quality. These
breakthroughs offer multiple opportunities for market players. Biopesticides
are derived from natural sources, such as plants, minerals, and microorganisms,
making them a safe and sustainable substitute for chemical pesticides, which
pose threats to human health and the environment. The industry's growth is
further attributed to precision farming practices, which incorporate
cutting-edge technologies such as GPS, drones, and remote sensing. However, the
high cost of production and limited availability of biopesticides may hinder
industry growth. Nonetheless, the industry's potential for sustainable
agriculture and a healthier planet presents an exciting opportunity.
The biopesticides industry is characterized by the growing
use of biopesticides in organic farming, increased demand for
environmentally-friendly pest control methods, advancements in technology
leading to larger scale and cost-effective production, a stringent regulatory
framework, growing adoption in developing countries, and high development and
registration costs that pose a challenge for small companies entering the market.
In terms of formulation, the dry form segment dominates the global market, as
it is the most commonly available form. Dry biopesticides are advantageous for
users, as they can last for multiple uses, be applied directly to crops, or
blended in a solution and applied using a spray. The dual application of dry
biopesticides has grown in popularity among users.
The preference for chemical pesticides over biopesticides
among farmers in developing countries poses a challenge to the growth of the
biopesticides market. Farmers in developing markets such as Asia-Pacific have
small landholdings and are focused on efficient production to generate quick
results due to economic fluctuations and low purchasing capacities. They are
not aware of organic practices and biopesticides, and prefer chemical
pesticides, despite moderate government regulations that are not strict in developing
markets. However, increasing awareness among cultivators and import regulations
are driving the demand for biopesticides, which is expected to increase steadily
during the forecast period.
Biopesticides are available in dry and liquid formulations,
with the liquid formulation dominating the market and expected to continue
doing so during the forecast period. The ease of application and rise in the
growth of foliar mode of application are driving the demand for liquid
formulations, which are convenient and easy to apply. Spraying liquid
formulations leads to even application of biopesticides and is considered more
efficient as the microbial active ingredients are more viable in liquid
formulations compared to dry. As a result, the liquid formulation segment is
projected to grow at a higher compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.1%
during the forecast period.
The global biopesticides market is dominated by foliar
spray, which is the most widely used method of application, accounting for a
value of USD 2,348.8 million in 2022. Foliar sprays involve the direct
application of microbial pesticides to the leaves of plants to control pests.
This method is quick, effective, and convenient, making it the most popular
method for short-term pest control. Additionally, the rise in demand for
horticultural crops, such as organic fruits and vegetables, has further fueled
the growth of this market. Foliar sprays offer an even distribution of
biopesticides, making them a preferred choice for farmers. Thus, foliar spray
is expected to continue dominating the market in the years to come.
Microbial biopesticides are the most widely used source of
biopesticides, accounting for a value of USD 3,537.8 million in 2022. These
biopesticides are specific to particular pests and do not harm the environment.
Microbes can be cultured in favourable media within a short period of time,
have longer lifecycles than beneficial insects, and can be stored for later
use. The cost of developing microbial pesticides is also relatively low, making
them a popular choice for farmers. Due to these advantages, microbial
biopesticides have dominated the market and are expected to continue to do so
during the forecast period.
In 2022, North America held a significant market share of
around 41.3% in the global biopesticides market, with the US, Canada, and
Mexico being the countries studied. The adoption of biopesticides in the region
is driven by the loss of conventional products to registration or product
performance issues. To overcome this, key players like FMC Corporation and
Marrone Bio Innovations are focusing on research and development of better
active ingredients. Among the different crop types, orchards have seen the
highest usage of biopesticides as they are susceptible to spoilage by pests and
insects. Emerging economies like India and China have witnessed a significant
adoption of orchard farming, leading to an increase in the use of biopesticides
in these regions.
The biopesticides market's growth is being driven by the
demand for sustainable agriculture that addresses environmental and social
concerns while providing economically viable opportunities for growers,
laborers, and consumers. The growing consumer demand for organic food is
another factor contributing to the market's growth. Consumers are increasingly
avoiding conventional food to avoid adverse health effects caused by chemical
preservatives, which is shifting growers toward organic cultivation that uses
biopesticides instead of chemicals. Additionally, there is a growing concern
about the environment, which has led to the development of bio-based
pesticides. As per the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
statistics, the organic area in Europe has increased from 14.4 million hectares
in 2017 to 17.1 million hectares in 2020.
Countries worldwide are making significant strides towards
promoting the use of biopesticides, by simplifying the requirements for
registration of biopesticides and providing grants for R&D and production
unit setups. This has resulted in an opportunity to develop the biopesticide
market globally. In May 2020, the European Union (EU) announced a plan to
decrease the use of 505 chemical pesticides in the future and promote the usage
of biopesticides, which may increase the demand for biopesticides in the EU
during the forecast period.
In North America, the demand for biopesticides is primarily
driven by an increased interest in green agricultural practices and the loss of
many conventional products to reregistration and/or performance issues. Currently,
more than 60 companies are developing and/or selling biopesticide products in
the United States alone, with over 420 registered biopesticides. In 2019,
nearly 13 active PIP active ingredients were registered for corn, 9 for cotton,
and 5 for soybean. Organizations such as Biological Products Industry Alliance
(BPIA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and many others are actively
involved in the development of biopesticides for the majority of the pests in
Canada also presents itself as a potential market for
biopesticides and their regulation, with strong R&D, registration, and
advancements as inherently risk-reduced pesticides. Currently, there are more
than 200 registered biopesticide products in Canada, with microbial products
being the largest category among all others. Biofungicides and bioinsecticides
also cover the majority of the North American biopesticides market.
Key Players in Biopesticides Market
- BASF SE
- BAYER AG
- SYNGENTA AG
- UPL LIMITED
- FMC CORPORATION
- MARRONE BIO INNOVATIONS
- NOVOZYMES A/S
- ISAGRO S.P.A
- CERTIS BIOLOGICALS
- KOPPERT BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
- BIOBEST GROUP NV
- SOM PHYTOPHARMA INDIA LTD
- VALENT BIOSCIENCES LLC
- STK BIO-AG TECHNOLOGIES
- ANDERMATT BIOCONTROL AG
- IPL BIOLOGICALS LTD
- VEGALAB S.A
- BIOWORKS, INC.
- VESTARON CORPORATION
- INNOVATE AG
- FYTOFEND S.A.
- BIOLOGIC INSECTICIDE
Recent Developments in Biopesticides Market
Several recent developments in the biopesticides market have
been observed. In March 2021, BASF launched a new biofungicide called Howler in
Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Howler is a formulation of Pseudomonas
chlors, oraphistrain AFS009, which can control Pythium, Fusarium, Rhizoctonia,
and Botrytis in turf and golf courses. The launch of Howler expands BASF's
BioSolutions portfolio in Europe and strengthens its position in the market.
In March 2020, Bayer AG launched Serenade, its first
biofungicide in China. Serenade contains QST713, a biocontrol microorganism
that helps plants absorb more effective nutrients and enhances plant immunity
to reduce disease incidences. This launch enabled Bayer AG to expand its
product offering to the Chinese market.
In March 2021, Botanical Solution Inc. (BSI) in the US and
Syngenta entered into an agreement to commercialize BSI's first product,
BotriStop, in Peru and Mexico. BotriStop is a biofungicide that effectively
controls Botrytis cinerea in blueberries, vines, and vegetables. The
partnership aimed to help both the companies with innovation and performance
efficiency and target the fresh food production demand in Peruvian and Mexican
In May 2022, UPL Limited and AgBiTech (US) announced a
strategic partnership. Under this collaboration, UPL would distribute
AgBiTech's biosolutions, starting with two bioinsecticides, Heligen and
Fawligen. This partnership would ultimately help UPL expand its bioinsecticides
portfolio and offer more sustainable solutions to its customers.
The biopesticides market is experiencing significant growth
due to rising awareness about the harmful effects of chemical pesticides and
increased demand for environmentally-friendly pest control methods. Several key
players in the market, such as Bayer AG, are making advancements in microbial
and RNA interference (RNAi) technology, allowing farmers to adopt better
alternatives for applying biological products.
The use of cutting-edge technologies such as GPS, drones,
and remote sensing in precision farming practices is also contributing to the
market's growth. Furthermore, the emerging economies of India and China have
witnessed significant adoption of orchard farming, owing to increased use of
biopesticides for crop protection.
North America accounted for a significant market share of
around 41.3% in 2022, with the US, Canada, and Mexico being the major countries
in the region. Loss of conventional products to registration or product
performance issues is one of the key reasons driving the adoption of
biopesticides in the North American market. Key companies in the region, such
as FMC Corporation and Marrone Bio Innovations, are focusing on research for
product development with better active ingredients.
The biopesticides industry is characterized by several key
features, including the growing use of biopesticides in organic farming, a
stringent regulatory framework, and the high cost of development and
registration, which presents a challenge for small companies to enter the
Overall, the biopesticides market offers innovative and
economically viable opportunities for sustainable agriculture and a healthier
planet, driven by consumer demand for organic food and increased concern about