Healthcare // Biotechnology
The global electrosurgery
market is foreseen to grow by 6.5%, from USD 5.87 Billion in 2022 to USD 9.71
Billion in 2030. Growing prevalence of chronic diseases, increasing demand for
minimally invasive surgeries, innovation and technological advancements in
electrosurgical instruments is to drive the market for the upcoming forecast
period. However, risks associated with electrosurgical procedures, stringent
regulatory framework remains one factor hindering the market growth over the
What is Electrosurgery?
Electrosurgery is a surgical technique that uses electrical current to cut, coagulate, and destroy tissues. The technique has revolutionized surgical procedures in many ways, including reducing bleeding and improving surgical precision. This essay will explore the different aspects of electrosurgery, including its history, types, uses, benefits, and risks.
History of Electrosurgery
The use of electrosurgery in medical procedures dates back to the 19th century when French physiologist, Jacques Arsene d'Arsonval, discovered that electrical current could be used to cauterize tissues. However, it was not until the 1920s that electrosurgery began to gain popularity, and in 1926, William T. Bovie, an American physician, developed the first electrosurgical device, which he used to remove a tumor from a patient's neck.
Types of Electrosurgery
There are two main types of electrosurgery: monopolar and bipolar. In monopolar electrosurgery, an electrical current is delivered from a generator to a handpiece that has a surgical instrument at the end. The instrument is used to cut or coagulate tissues, and the electrical current is returned to the generator via a patient pad placed on the patient's skin. In bipolar electrosurgery, the electrical current is delivered between two tips of a forceps-like instrument that is used to grasp and coagulate tissues.
Uses of Electrosurgery
Electrosurgery is used in a wide range of surgical procedures, including dermatology, gastroenterology, gynecology, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, orthopedics, plastic surgery, and urology. Some common procedures that use electrosurgery include mole removal, wart removal, endometrial ablation, tonsillectomy, and prostate surgery.
Benefits of Electrosurgery
The use of electrosurgery in surgical procedures offers many benefits, including reduced bleeding, improved surgical precision, and faster recovery times. Electrosurgery also allows surgeons to perform procedures with smaller incisions, resulting in less scarring and reduced post-operative pain. Additionally, electrosurgery is a more cost-effective option compared to traditional surgical techniques.
Risks of Electrosurgery
Despite the many benefits of electrosurgery, there are also risks associated with the technique. Some potential risks include burns to surrounding tissues, damage to nearby organs, and interference with pacemakers or other medical devices. Additionally, electrosurgery can cause smoke and fumes that may be harmful to both the patient and surgical staff if proper precautions are not taken.
Electrosurgery is a revolutionary technique in surgical procedures that has transformed the way many surgeries are performed. The technique offers many benefits, including reduced bleeding, improved surgical precision, and faster recovery times. However, it is essential to understand the potential risks associated with electrosurgery to ensure the safety of patients and surgical staff. As technology continues to advance, it is likely that the use of electrosurgery in surgical procedures will only continue to grow.
Electrosurgery Market Trends
One of the key drivers of the electrosurgery market is the growing demand for minimally invasive surgical procedures over traditional open surgeries. This trend has been on the rise in the past decade, with more and more patients opting for non-invasive surgical procedures due to several benefits. Minimally invasive surgeries offer shorter hospitalization times, reduced post-operative complications, faster recovery times, higher efficacy, and less pain, making them a more preferred option over traditional surgical procedures. Moreover, they are cost-effective and require less downtime, making them a popular choice among patients and healthcare providers.
Electrosurgical and laser technologies have emerged as an alternative to conventional surgical procedures for the treatment of various conditions, including liver cancer, cardiac valve disorders, ophthalmic disorders, and spine surgeries, due to their procedural advantages. These advanced technologies have several benefits over traditional surgical techniques, such as greater precision, reduced blood loss, and fewer complications, resulting in a better outcome for patients.
The growing adoption of minimally invasive surgeries, such as laparoscopic procedures, is another factor driving the electrosurgery market. These procedures offer several advantages, such as reduced surgical risks, less pain and blood loss, and shorter post-operative recovery periods, leading to reduced hospital stays and costs. Electrosurgery devices, such as generators and active electrodes, have made it easier and less time-consuming to perform precise surgeries, driving their demand across various surgical fields, such as cosmetic, cardiovascular, and gynecological procedures.
In conclusion, the electrosurgery market is witnessing significant growth due to the increasing demand for minimally invasive surgical procedures and the benefits associated with electrosurgical and laser technologies. As these trends continue, the market is likely to expand further, providing better patient outcomes and cost-effective solutions for healthcare providers.
One of the main restraints for the electrosurgery market is the risks associated with electrosurgical procedures. These procedures utilize high-frequency electrical currents for cutting and coagulating tissues, which can produce heat and result in potential hazards such as electric shocks, thermal burns, generation of toxic gases, smoke inhalation, and infection transmission to patients or users. For instance, Encision Inc. reported that burns occur in US patients every 90 minutes during laparoscopic surgery. Additionally, electrosurgical treatment on patients with implanted cardiac pacemakers or defibrillators can lead to device failure. Without proper measures during the procedure, there is a high risk of contamination with electrosurgery. These factors pose a significant risk and are expected to limit the growth of the electrosurgery market.
Opportunities in the Industry
The increasing focus of government bodies on improving healthcare infrastructure, including critical care infrastructure, presents a significant opportunity for the electrosurgery market. Governments in several developed countries are initiating efforts to enhance their existing healthcare systems by investing in building better infrastructure and making healthcare services more affordable.
In the US, the National Health Expenditure Projections (2015–2025) predict an average growth rate of 5.8% in healthcare expenditure from 2015 to 2025. The country has also seen an increase in the total number of staffed hospital beds to 931,203.
Germany is also taking significant steps towards improving healthcare infrastructure, with healthcare expenditure increasing by 4.0% from USD 422.88 billion (EUR 374.2 billion) in 2017 to USD 446.76 billion (EUR 390.6 billion) in 2018. This was largely due to the third Act to strengthen long-term care, which came into force in January 2017. In Germany, healthcare is funded by a statutory contribution system, ensuring free care through health insurance funds. Statutory health insurance is mandatory for all individuals who earn less than USD 67,941.2 (EUR 59,400) per year.
These government initiatives represent a significant opportunity for the electrosurgery market to grow, as funding for advanced medical treatments and infrastructure will ultimately drive the demand for medical devices and equipment, including those used in electrosurgery.
Challenge: Addressing Concerns about Surgical Smoke
During surgical procedures that involve the use of lasers or electrosurgical devices, thermal tissue destruction results in the production of surgical smoke. While surgical smoke can be an inconvenience due to its unpleasant odor and the obstruction of the surgeon's view, it can also contain harmful substances such as toxic gases, vapors, particulates, viable and non-viable cellular material, viruses, and bacteria. Research has even documented the transmission of the human papillomavirus (HPV) through surgical smoke generated by lasers. Unfortunately, over half a million healthcare workers, including surgical technologists, nurses, and surgeons, are exposed to surgical smoke each year, which can lead to several health issues, such as eye, nose, and throat irritation, headaches, coughing, nasal congestion, asthma, and asthma-like symptoms. However, the introduction of smoke evacuation systems and pencils is expected to address this challenge.
Electrosurgery Market Trends
The electrosurgery market is classified into four categories: electrosurgical generators, electrosurgical instruments, electrosurgical accessories, and smoke evacuation systems. The electrosurgical instruments segment held the largest share of the global market in 2022 due to the high usage volume of both reusable and disposable electrosurgical instruments. In comparison, the market for electrosurgical generators, electrosurgical accessories, and smoke evacuation systems is smaller.
In conclusion, the use of lasers and electrosurgical devices in surgical procedures leads to the production of surgical smoke, which contains harmful substances that can cause health issues for healthcare workers. However, the development of smoke evacuation systems and pencils is expected to address this challenge. The electrosurgery market is classified into four categories, with the electrosurgical instruments segment holding the largest share due to the high usage volume of these instruments.
The electrosurgery market is categorized into different surgery types, including general surgery, obstetric/gynecological surgery, urological surgery, orthopedic surgery, cardiovascular surgery, cosmetic surgery, neurosurgery, oncological surgery, and other surgeries. In 2022, the general surgery segment held the largest share of the global market. The growth in this segment is attributed to factors such as the rising geriatric population, increased number of surgical centers, and improved healthcare infrastructure in developing countries.
The market is segmented by end-users into hospitals, clinics, and ablation centers; ambulatory surgical centers; and research laboratories and academic institutes. Among these segments, the hospitals, clinics, and ablation centers accounted for the largest share of the market in 2022. This can be attributed to the high number of electrosurgery procedures performed in hospitals and the increasing adoption of minimally invasive procedures.
In terms of geography, the market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa. In 2022, North America held the largest share of the electrosurgery market. This growth is driven by factors such as the growing prevalence of chronic diseases, increasing demand for minimally invasive procedures, technological advancements in electrosurgical instruments, rising number of hospitals, clinics, and ambulatory surgical centers, and the shift towards outpatient surgeries.
For the purpose of this report, the global electrosurgery market segmented on the basis of product type, surgery type, end user, and region:
Product Type Outlook:
On the basis of product type, the market is segmented into electrosurgical instruments, electrosurgical generators, electrosurgical accessories, smoke evacuation systems. Further, electrosurgical instruments is segmented into bipolar electrosurgical instruments, monopolar electrosurgical instruments. Further, electrosurgical accessories is segmented into patient return electrodes, cords, cables, and adapters, other electrosurgical accessories.
Surgery Type Outlook:
On the basis of surgery type, the market is segmented into general surgery, obstetric/gynecological surgery, orthopedic surgery, cardiovascular surgery, oncological surgery, cosmetic surgery, urological surgery, neurosurgery other surgeries.
End User Outlook:
On the basis of end user, the market is segmented into hospitals, clinics, and ablation centers, ambulatory surgical centers, research laboratories and academic institutes.
Figure 1 Electrosurgery Market By End User (Market Size And Forecast By Value - USD Million, 2022 & 2030)