Glass Fiber Yarn: An Overview
Glass fiber yarn is a versatile material used in various
industries, including construction, automotive, aerospace, and marine. It is
made from high-strength glass fibers that are spun into yarns and woven into
fabrics, mats, and rovings. Glass fiber yarn is an excellent substitute for
traditional materials due to its high strength, durability, and resistance to
heat, chemicals, and moisture. This essay will delve into the benefits, uses,
and manufacturing process of glass fiber yarn.
Benefits of Glass
One of the main benefits of glass fiber yarn is its high
strength-to-weight ratio. It is lightweight yet stronger than steel, making it
an excellent material for applications where weight is a critical factor. Glass
fiber yarn also has excellent resistance to chemicals, making it ideal for use in
harsh environments where other materials would corrode. Additionally, it has
high thermal resistance, making it suitable for high-temperature applications.
Uses of Glass Fiber
Glass fiber yarn is used in a variety of industries due to
its unique properties. In the construction industry, it is used as a
reinforcing material in concrete, providing additional strength and durability.
In the automotive industry, glass fiber yarn is used to make composite
materials for body panels, reducing weight and improving fuel efficiency. In
the aerospace industry, it is used to manufacture aircraft parts due to its
high strength and low weight. Glass fiber yarn is also used in the marine
industry to reinforce hulls and decks, providing improved durability and water
The manufacturing process of glass fiber yarn involves
several steps. First, high-quality glass fibers are melted and extruded through
small openings to form continuous filaments. These filaments are then treated
with a sizing agent to improve their adhesion to the resin matrix. The
filaments are then wound onto bobbins, forming yarns of various thicknesses.
The yarns are then woven into fabrics or mats, or they can be used as rovings,
which are continuous strands of yarn used for filament winding or pultrusion.
Glass fiber yarn is a versatile material that offers
numerous benefits, including high strength, durability, and resistance to heat,
chemicals, and moisture. It is used in a variety of industries, including
construction, automotive, aerospace, and marine. The manufacturing process
involves melting glass fibers and spinning them into yarns, which are then
woven into fabrics, mats, or rovings. Glass fiber yarn is an excellent
alternative to traditional materials, providing improved performance and reduced
weight in many applications.
Global glass fiber yarn Market Dynamics
Drivers in Glass
Fiber Yarn Market
Global glass fiber yarn market dynamics are influenced by
various factors, including drivers and challenges. One of the key drivers of
the market is the extensive use of glass fiber yarn in the construction
industry. This industry has been growing steadily since the pandemic as
governments worldwide have been focusing on infrastructure development.
The need to enhance the structural integrity and increase
the lifespan of buildings has resulted in a rise in demand for glass fiber yarn
products. These products offer numerous benefits such as dimensional stability,
heat and water resistance, and thermal and electrical insulation. They also
require lower maintenance costs compared to conventional timber decking and
railing products. Glass fiber yarn is utilized in manufacturing architectural
facades, insulated wall panels, bridge decks, bridge railings, sanitary
fixtures, doors, and windows.
The Asia Pacific region is witnessing significant
infrastructural developments, leading to high demand for glass fiber yarn in
structural applications in the building and construction industry. However, the
COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the demand for glass fiber yarn
globally due to a decrease in demand from various end-use industries. The
automotive industry, which is one of the major consumers of glass fiber yarn,
has faced the most adverse and immediate consequences of the pandemic. The
lockdown across international and domestic borders has severely impacted the
demand for glass fiber yarn.
Restraints in Glass
Fiber Yarn Market
Challenges arise in the recycling of glass fiber yarn due to
its efficient insulation properties. This poses a significant obstacle for the
glass fiber yarn industry. In order to properly dispose of the material,
appropriate techniques must be employed, along with the use of personal
protective equipment (PPE) to ensure the safety of those involved in the
The lack of recycling techniques and infrastructure in
emerging countries leads to a large amount of waste generated from glass fiber
yarn. With the Asia Pacific region being the largest market for glass fiber
yarn and many countries in the region still in development, there is a need to
improve recycling techniques for the material.
Engineered materials, such as glass fiber yarn, used in
products like automobiles, wind turbines, and aircraft have a limited useful
life and must be properly recovered and recycled to comply with waste
management policies and environmental legislation. Therefore, developing
effective recycling technologies for glass fiber yarn and other composite
materials is crucial for the sustainable growth of the industry.
Glass Fiber Yarn Market
As the world’s fossil fuel capacity continues to decrease,
there has been an increasing demand for alternative energy sources. One of the
major renewable energy sources is wind energy, which has been driving the
growth of the glass fiber yarn market. The use of glass fiber yarn in wind
turbines makes the blades stronger, more resistant to corrosion and less prone
to fatigue failure.
Several countries, including China, Germany, and Spain, are
actively restructuring their energy systems to prioritize renewable sources.
According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), renewable energy is
projected to generate more than a quarter of the world's electricity by 2035,
with wind energy accounting for a significant portion. As wind energy is a cost-effective
option for electricity generation, the demand for wind turbine installations
across the globe has increased due to carbon neutrality activities, creating
new opportunities for the glass fiber yarn industry during the forecast period.
Challenges in Glass
Fiber Yarn Market
The global glass fiber yarn market faces several challenges,
including the capital-intensive production and complex manufacturing process of
glass fiber yarn. The manufacturing of glass fiber yarn requires heavy
investment and new technologies to reduce costs and commercialize the end
products. Various production and development projects are underway to reduce
manufacturing costs through advanced technologies and process solutions.
However, the complex and lengthy production process of glass fiber yarn
compared to alternative products remains a challenge for governments, research
laboratories, and glass fiber producers globally.
Glass fiber yarn comes in various forms for different
applications, such as glass fiber tapes for wrapping vessels and hot pipelines,
glass fiber cloth for heat shields in fire curtains, and glass fiber ropes for
packing purposes. The electrical and electronics segment is the dominant
end-user of glass fiber yarn in terms of value, with a market size of USD
645.46 million in 2021. The rising demand for insulation products in countries
such as China, India, and Brazil is driving the market.
E-glass fiber dominates the market both in terms of volume
and value. E-glass fiber has been utilized in large-scale industrial
applications as a high-temperature insulator for electrical conductors since
1930. It is widely used in the textile industry and as reinforcement in
composite materials, accounting for 90% of reinforcements. E-glass fiber stands
out due to its high-temperature resistance, excellent electrical insulation
properties, rot-proof nature, resistance to chemical agents, dimensional
stability, abrasion resistance, and flexibility. It is also stronger than steel
thread in terms of specific resistance. Its flexibility allows for the creation
of high-strength sewing yarns that can be used for the production of thermal
protection and insulation systems.
Plied yarn is the fastest growing type of glass fiber yarn
in terms of value and volume. The plying process improves the tensile strength
of the fiber and allows for a greater range of product applications. The
process also encapsulates individual fiber filaments inside the plied bundle,
which reduces the impact of any filament faults.
North America and Asia Pacific are major markets for plied
glass fiber yarn, which is used in various industries, including automotive,
aerospace, electrical sleeve braiding, architectural and construction
materials, and thermal insulation.
The use of glass fiber yarn for structural parts has emerged
as the fastest-growing application in terms of both value and volume. In the
construction industry, glass fiber yarn is utilized for various structural
parts such as foundations, columns, girders, beams, and supports, due to its
strength, fire resistance, dimensional stability, and resistance to decay.
Similarly, the automotive industry uses glass fiber yarns for their tensile strength,
temperature resistance, and dimensional stability in manufacturing structural
parts. Additionally, the wind energy industry extensively employs glass fiber
yarns for their lightweight construction needs, particularly in rotor blades
and nacelles. Glass fiber yarns made from resin-compatible E-Glass yarns
provide high strength while maintaining a low weight, resulting in longer and
more efficient rotor blades for larger wind turbines at a reduced cost. These
fiberglass reinforced rotor blades can reach lengths of up to 80 meters (262
feet) and are utilized in various environments, including land and offshore
wind turbine installations.
The Asia Pacific region held the largest market share in the
glass fiber yarn market in 2021. The region is divided into China, Japan,
India, South Korea, and the Rest of Asia Pacific, including Vietnam, Taiwan,
Indonesia, Bangladesh, Singapore, and Malaysia. The growth of the glass fiber
yarn market in Asia Pacific is primarily driven by the rising income level of
the middle-class population and increasing government investments, particularly
in the building & construction and automobile sectors.
In North America, the aerospace and automotive industries
are experiencing growth, creating a higher demand for cost-effective and
high-strength materials. This demand is expected to drive the glass fiber yarn
market in the region during the forecast period. The European market is also
projected to grow significantly due to the stringent government regulations by
the European Commission that prioritize the protection of the environment and
the safety of workers.
Glass fiber is a cost-effective reinforcement material that
offers a high strength-to-weight ratio, making it stronger and lighter than
many other materials. Its material properties make it a popular choice in every
industry. In the electrical industry, it is used to manufacture printed circuit
boards due to its electrical properties. In the aerospace, automotive, and
construction industries, it is used for thermal insulation. The increasing
production and demand for electrical products, as well as growth in the
automotive and construction industries, are expected to drive the glass fiber yarn
market in the coming years.
However, the process of making glass fiber yarn is complex
and requires specialized equipment and skilled workers. Additionally, some
types of glass fiber can be hazardous to the environment and human health.
Government regulations related to environmental protection and worker safety
are likely to hinder the growth of the glass fiber yarn market.
The key players in Glass Fiber Yarn Market
- OWENS CORNING
- CHINA JUSHI CO., LTD.
- CHONGQING POLYCOMP INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
- PFG FIBER GLASS CORPORATION
- NIPPON ELECTRIC GLASS CO., LTD.
- SAINT-GOBAIN S.A.
- TAISHAN FIBERGLASS INC.
- AGY HOLDINGCORP.
- TAIWAN GLASS INDUSTRY CORPORATION
- FULLTECH FIBER GLASS CORP.
- CHINA BEIHAI FIBERGLASS CO., LTD.
- PPG INDUSTRIES, INC.
- NITTO BOSEKI CO., LTD.
- JIANGSU JIUDING NEW MATERIAL CO., LTD.
- NEWTEX INDUSTRIES, INC.
- SHREE LAXMI UDYOG
- HEBEI YUNIU FIBERGLASS MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
- CHANGSHU DONGYU INSULATED COMPOUND MATERIALS CO., LTD.
- PARABEAM BV
- VALMIERAS STIKLA SIEDR
Recent Developments in Glass Fiber Yarn Market
The glass fiber yarn market has witnessed several recent
developments, including significant acquisitions and investments by key
industry players. In July 2021, Owens Corning expanded its non-woven product
catalog by acquiring Vliepa GmbH, with a focus on serving the building and
construction sector in Europe. The acquisition aimed to enhance Owens Corning's
capabilities in non-woven glass fiber products.
In August 2020, Nippon Electric Glass Co. Ltd. invested in
increasing the size of its FireLite glass sheet to expand its market size in
the fire protection application market. The product offers resin compatibility
and high-impact safety, making it a preferred choice for consumers.
In January 2020, Saint Gobain S.A. invested in rebuilding
its glass fiber production furnace at Saint-Gobain ADFORS's Hodonice site. This
expansion project boosted the Hodonice plant's manufacturing capacity by 57%,
enabling Saint Gobain to cater to the increasing demand for glass fiber yarn
products in the construction and automotive industries.
The glass fiber yarn market has seen recent developments in
product innovations and expansion strategies. For instance, in 2021,
Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics announced the launch of a new glass fiber
yarn, SGG 1141, which is designed for reinforcement of thermoplastic
composites. The yarn reportedly has excellent mechanical and chemical
resistance properties, making it ideal for use in automotive, construction, and
In another development, Owens Corning, a major player in the
glass fiber industry, announced in 2021 that it was investing in a new glass
non-woven facility in Gastonia, North Carolina. The facility will produce
high-quality glass non-woven products that will be used in a range of
applications, including roofing, wall insulation, and engineered building
Furthermore, many companies are focusing on expanding their
global presence through mergers, acquisitions, and collaborations. For example,
in 2020, Chomarat, a French textile company specializing in composite
materials, acquired an Italian company, Metyx Italy, which specializes in
technical textiles and composites. This acquisition reportedly strengthened
Chomarat's position in the glass fiber composites market.
Overall, these recent developments in the glass fiber yarn
market indicate a growing demand for innovative products and a desire to expand
global operations in response to market trends and opportunities.